Aphthas in children. What are the symptoms and how to treat them?

Children's canker sores appear most often when the toddler is ill or has weakened immunity after infection. Mouth ulcer is also a common problem during teething in babies. These are inflammations inside the mouth that are very painful and should not be underestimated. They disappear on their own after a few days or weeks, but during this time they can negatively affect the child's well-being and how much the child eats. And this is important for a baby who is developing all the time.

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1. Symptoms of aphthae in children

Afta is a type of ulcer inside the mouth. The erosion of the mucosa is round or oval, covered with a white coating, and the mucosa around it is red. Its size varies between one millimeter and two centimeters. Sometimes several of them appear simultaneously, but more often they are single ulcers.

Afta in children can occur on the gums, tongue, palate, lips, the back of the throat, and the inside of the cheeks. Sometimes it is accompanied by enlargement of the lymph nodes.

Aphthas in babies

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2. Causes of aphthae in children

Most often, aphthae develops as a result of damage to the oral mucosa (during brushing or dental procedures, after biting) and infection of the wound, e.g. with herpes virus or fungus Candida albicansresiding naturally in the bacterial flora of the oral cavity.

For infection to occur, your baby's immune system must be weakened. This happens when a child is in infancy, as it is not yet fully developed, and in older children - during and after infection.

Factors that increase the risk of erosions in the mouth are deficiencies of such nutrients and minerals as:

  • Folic acid;
  • vitamin B12;
  • iron.

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Aphthas are more common in people who eat highly processed foods that contain preservatives and other artificial substances. Other factors that make you more prone to ulceration include:

  • fever;
  • stress;
  • allergies;
  • substances contained in some toothpastes (sodium dodecyl sulfate);
  • autoimmune disorders;
  • taking certain medications to combat angina;
  • intestinal inflammation;
  • enteropathy resulting from gluten sensitivity (celiac disease);
  • herpes virus infection;
  • use of antibiotics.

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3. What about canker sores in a child?

Treatment of aphthae in a child includes rinsing the mouth with sage infusion and the use of topical agents to reduce inflammation. Anti-inflammatory, bacteriostatic and pain relieving drugs are also used.

In order to avoid erosions in the future, one should beware of factors that increase the risk of their appearance. If frequent antibiotic therapies are a possible cause of ulceration, be sure to use lactic acid bacteria shielding medications during these treatments.

If your child develops canker sores more than once a year, you should see your doctor. Your little one may have recurrent aphthous stomatitis. It can be caused by other conditions that lower your immunity.

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