Sepsis - causes, symptoms, treatment, risk factors

Sepsis (sepsis) is an acute reaction of the body to an infection caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi. What are the symptoms of sepsis?

See the video: "How Can I Deal With Infections In Children?"

1. What is sepsis?

What is sepsis? It is not a disease but only a symptom complex. You cannot get infected with it, but you can become infected with pathogenic microorganisms that can cause infection in some people (most often debilitated, chronically ill), leading to the systemic inflammatory reaction syndrome.

The World Health Organization indicates that around the world as much as 7 percent. deaths among the youngest patients were caused by sepsis. It is therefore a serious health problem.

Meningococcal vaccination (123RF)

2. Sepsis: causes

Sepsis is most often caused by meningococci and pneumococci.

Meningococci are extremely dangerous microbes. Children (from 3 months to 5 years of age) are most exposed to invasive meningococcal diseases due to their not yet fully developed immune system.

Meningococcus spreads very easily. They live in the secretions of the nasopharynx, and their carriers are nearly 10 percent. people. Outside the human body, this bacterium dies quickly. Some behaviors - drinking from one cup, kissing, sharing cutlery together - contribute to the infection.

3. Symptoms of invasive meningococcal disease

Parents' attention should be drawn to symptoms such as:

  • fever,
  • fatigue,
  • vomiting,
  • cold hands and feet
  • chills,
  • severe pain in the muscles, joints and abdominal cavity,
  • rapid breathing
  • diarrhea.

A sick child with such symptoms should be examined by a doctor as soon as possible.

4. Sepsis: symptoms

The symptoms of sepsis at first may be similar to those of a common cold. However, if the child's condition continues to deteriorate, do not delay going to the hospital. Symptoms that should be worrying include:

  • high fever (it cannot be beaten with antipyretic drugs) or on the contrary - too low body temperature,
  • diarrhea,
  • vomiting,
  • significantly accelerated heart rate (over 90 / minute),
  • limb pain
  • dark red petechiae (will not fade under pressure)
  • respiratory rate above 20 / minute.

Sepsis develops rapidly, and the patient's help should be provided as soon as possible (it greatly increases the chances of recovery).

In the case of meningococcal sepsis, it is necessary to take preventive measures that are coordinated by the sanitary services. People who had direct and long-term contact with the sick person within 10 days of the onset of the disease are given a broad-spectrum antibiotic.

5. Sepsis: prevention

Some protection is provided by vaccination against bacteria, which can lead to the development of sepsis. It is therefore worth considering pneumococcal and meningococcal vaccination, especially if the patient is at risk. Belong to them:

  • preschool and school children,
  • soldiers, recruits, residents of dormitories,
  • chronically ill (e.g. patients with diabetes),
  • people traveling to regions with an increased risk of developing the disease (Saudi Arabia, North and Central Africa).

If sepsis is diagnosed promptly and treatment is instituted, the progression of the inflammatory response is inhibited in many cases.

We should also remember that children born after January 1, 2017 are compulsorily vaccinated against pneumococci. We can choose a free, "Sanepidowa" vaccine protecting against 10 types of pneumococci (10-valent), but we will also complete the vaccination obligation with a more effective preparation - 13-valent, for which, however, you have to pay. It is worth talking to your pediatrician about the choice of vaccine.

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