Causes, symptoms and treatment of optic neuritis

There are many eye diseases, several of which can lead to blindness. Only a specialist can accurately diagnose the perceived symptoms of changes in vision. In the case of optic neuritis, a person notices difficulties in seeing colors. There is also impaired visual acuity and light perception. Rapid diagnosis can save you from total or partial vision loss.

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1. What causes optic neuritis?

Optic neuritis can occur in many situations. People with neurological diseases (multiple sclerosis), rheumatology, chronic diseases (diabetes), with various diseases and infections (including infectious), and those who often come into contact with chemicals, are at risk of one of two forms of optic neuritis - intraocular or retrobulbar . Only a specialist - an ophthalmologist, a neurologist - can make the final diagnosis after long and very precise examinations.

Optic neuritis can lead to serious health consequences (123RF)

This disease mainly involves damage to the optic nerve. The type of disorder can take many forms, from partial or complete nerve atrophy to reduced visual acuity and even permanent blindness. The course of the disease is sudden and rapid, therefore it is necessary to take rapid steps of treatment.

2. Typical symptoms of optic neuritis

The first symptoms that must not be underestimated are:

• spots in front of the eyes,

• sudden change in visual acuity,

• pain when moving your eyes.

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There are also very characteristic symptoms, the appearance of which may indicate a rather advanced form of optic neuritis. These include the characteristic color misperception, characterized by seeing faded colors, to the complete lack of color discrimination. In addition, there may also be symptoms of defective light perception - from reduced perception to a lack of reaction to light. Importantly, during optic neuritis, the patient feels pain each time the eyeball is pressed and moved. Without an appropriate and specialized diagnosis, the patient may lose his or her eyesight irreversibly.

3. Methods of treating inflammation of the optic nerve

A thorough diagnosis for or without optic neuritis is a general ophthalmological examination with a detailed examination of the fundus and visual field. Additionally, it is recommended to undergo an electrophysiological examination and magnetic resonance imaging.

A properly made diagnosis by a specialist will enable the selection of the correct treatment. Sometimes steroid drugs are often used. In irreversible situations, all forms of treatment become ineffective.

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