Ultrasound examination of reproductive organs and breasts
Both the ultrasound examination of the female reproductive organs and the breasts before pregnancy is to check whether the woman is healthy and does not need additional medical care to solve health problems. An ultrasound scan is a non-invasive procedure that allows you to evaluate the elements in a woman's pelvis. Ultrasound allows you to quickly visualize the reproductive organs - uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
See the video: "Determining Fertile Days"
Ultrasound waves are used to carry out an ultrasound examination, and their frequency is too high to be heard by a human. When the head of the device is placed in the right place, the ultrasound waves pass through the skin and reach the organs.
Then they bounce off them like an echo and return to the device that converts them into an electronic image of the organs. Before the examination, the doctor applies a special gel to the skin, which allows the head to glide better on the skin and prevents air from getting between the head and the skin.
1. Mandatory ultrasound examinations during pregnancy
A woman's reproductive organs can be examined in two ways:
- transabdominal - the head is placed on the stomach previously covered with gel;
- transvaginal - a long, thin head is covered with a gel and most often a condom placed on it is inserted into the vagina.
2. Ultrasound of reproductive organs
Pregnancy testing is performed with one or both of these methods, depending on the needs.
Ultrasound of the reproductive organs is performed to assess:
- the size, shape and position of the uterus and ovaries,
- thickness, echogenicity, and the presence of fluids or other masses in the endometrium, uterine tissues, fallopian tubes, or near the bladder
- the length and thickness of the cervix,
- changes in the shape of the bladder,
- blood flow through the pelvic organs,
- presence and placement of the intrauterine device,
- follicle size in an infertility test.
3. Ultrasound examination and diagnosis
- anatomical abnormalities of the uterus,
- fibroids, cysts and other tumors that may appear in the pelvis
- inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs of a woman,
- postmenopausal bleeding.
Thanks to the ultrasound examination, the doctor can also:
- collect the eggs needed for in vitro fertilization,
- check that the pregnancy is not developing outside the uterus,
- monitor the development of the fetus.
Ultrasound examination provides a lot of information about whether a woman's reproductive organs are properly shaped and healthy. If this is the case, it is safe for a woman to seek a baby.
The task of breast ultrasound is to check whether the breasts have any lesions, such as breast diseases or cancer. The test is harmless - it is non-invasive and does not use radiation. Just like during pregnancy ultrasound, the ultrasound waves pass through the breast and reflected from the tissues return, giving an image of the structures in the breast. It is best to do breast examination between the 1st and 10th day of the cycle.
During this prenatal examination, the doctor applies a transparent gel to the skin of the breast, and then moves a special device the size of a razor over it. The image of the breast appears on the monitor and the doctor interprets it.
Diagnostics may be difficult if the patient is unable to lie in one position for longer, is obese, and the result is also affected by the condition of the skin. The picture varies according to the angle and the pressure applied to the device.
The ultrasound result may show that the tissues are healthy or that there are benign changes, such as cysts. For benign cysts, there is usually no need for treatment, observation alone is sufficient.