A fairy tale for children - the beginning, ear literature

The history of fairy tales for children is extremely interesting. The first books for children were not written until the 17th century and they were prayer books encouraging people to pray (for example, engravings). How is it today? A contemporary, valuable fairy tale for children is set in a cultural context and looks for new forms of artistic expression.

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1. A fairy tale for children - the beginning

Written fairy tales for children began to appear at the end of the 17th century. It is worth mentioning "The Doors of Tongues Open", that is, a didactic code. In retrospect, this work seems to be harmful to children today. An interesting fact is that childhood was once treated as a transitional state. The paintings confirm that it is difficult to find a well-known painting from several centuries ago, depicting the free play of children. The only child who appeared in the iconography is the figure of the baby Jesus with Mary. However, it is worth paying attention to the character of this character. The face of little Christ resembled that of an adult man, so how was the story for children created?

A fairy tale for children can have many functions, for example educational

2. A fairy tale for children - ear literature

What was ear literature? In the past, especially in the era before the invention of printing, fairy tales were written and passed from mouth to mouth. People met at homes and sometimes their only entertainment was oral stories. It is from such stories that the following are derived, among others: a children's fairy tale "Little Red Riding Hood", a children's fairy tale "Sleeping Beauty" or a children's fairy tale "Puss in Boots". The original forms, however, were not fairy tales for children. These types of stories were usually characterized by fantastic content, macabre endings, references to the occult, etc. It was only later that authors of literature began to write down fairy tales functioning in oral transmission - for example, the Brothers Grimm. Fairy tales with a short form and coarse content were also written. Over time, the stories began to be transformed into fairy tales for children. An example is Andersen's fairy tales.

Initially, a fairy tale for children had a typically didactic and cognitive character. In the era of Romanticism, a fairy tale for children was primarily a tool of pedagogical practice with the adaptation of content to educational purposes. A fairy tale for children was to continue the idea of ​​civic education. At this point, we should mention the name of the pediatrician Heinrich Hoffman and his bestseller "The Golden Wand, or fairy tales for naughty children" (1845). The heroes of these fairy tales for children are disobedient and stubborn. Rude behavior must, however, redress. A cruel punishment awaits the troublemaker. Needless to say, such didacticism is definitely rejected today. During the period of positivism, a fairy tale for children played the following roles: cognitive - popularization of knowledge; especially nature, educational, that is, educating patriotic feelings, promoting the benefits of work, as well as maintaining national awareness.

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During the Young Poland period, new views on the child's personality emerge. The perspective of childhood may already implement the idea of ​​free and comprehensive personality development and this is also the fairy tale for children of these times. Thanks to Maria Konopnicka, folklore 'sneaks in' to fairy tales for children. The twentieth anniversary of the interwar period includes such names as Tuwim and Brzechwa. There are light and humorous fairy tales for children with an appropriate message.

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