Beskids. Location, climate, the highest peaks and popular places
The Beskids, a mountain range in the Western Carpathians, extend from the Beczwa River in the Czech Republic to the Cheremosh River in Ukraine. They are up to 70 km wide and 600 km long. What are the highest peaks in the Beskids and what cities are there on their area?
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1. Where are the Beskids?
The Beskids are a mountain range located in the Western Carpathians; they occupy areas from the Beczwa River in Western Bohemia to the Cheremosh River in eastern Ukraine. In the south, the Polish Beskids border the Pieniny and the Orawa-Podhale Depression, and in the north with the Carpathian Foothills.
2. Characteristics and division of the Beskids
The length of the Beskids runs from west to east and is approx. 600 km. Their width is estimated at 50 to 70 km. The most famous ranges in the Beskids are Beskid Śląski, Beskid Żywiecki and Gorce. The Beskids are the youngest mountain range in Poland, with 11 national parks within the territory of which 4 of them are located in Poland.
There is a moderate mountain climate in the Beskids. There are deposits of crude oil and natural gas in this strip. They are also characterized by a large number of mineral springs.
The Beskids can be divided into Western, Eastern, Central and Połonińskie.
The Western Beskids include: Beskid Śląsko-Morawski, Beskid Mały, Beskid Makowski, Beskid Śląski, Kotlina Żywiecka, Beskid Wyspowy, Kotlina Rabczańska, Beskid Żywiecki, Gorce, Beskid Sądecki, Kotlina Sądecka, Mountains Czerchowskie, Mountains Kisuckie and Magura Oliwa.
Beskidów Środkowe includes Beskid Niski and Pogórze Ondawskie.
In the Eastern Beskids there is also a division into 2 parallel chains: Beskidy Lesiste and Beskidy Połonińskie. The former include: Sanocko-Turczańskie Mountains, Eastern Bieszczady, Western Bieszczady, Beskidy Brzeżne, Gorgany, Beskidy Pokuco-Bukowińskie.
The Beskids Połoniński include: Połonina Równa, Połonina Borżawa, Świdowiec, Połonina Czerwona, Czarnohora, Połoniny Hryniawskie.
3. The highest peaks
The highest peak in the Beskids is Babia Góra, 1725 m above sea level. It is situated in Beskid Żywiecki and belongs to the Crown of Polish Mountains. Apart from the Tatra Mountains, it is the highest peak in Poland.
The next highest peak in the Beskids is Pilsko, also in Beskid Żywiecki. Its height is determined at 1557 m above sea level, it has a flat and vast dome, and the climb to the top via the black trail is quite steep, despite the fact that it is not technically difficult. Sywula is a peak located in the Beskid Foresty, 1836 m above sea level. It is located in Ukraine.
Next in the sequence is Łysa Góra, located in the Moravian-Silesian Beskid - 1,313 m above sea level. There is an active tourist hostel there. From the top you can admire an exceptionally beautiful view of Upper Silesia.
Turbacz is not much lower than Łysa Góra - it is 1,310 m above sea level. and is the highest peak of Gorce. In addition, it is one of the most famous peaks in the Beskids, which tourists visit especially willingly - like Babia Góra.
4. Popular places in the Beskids
There are many places in the Beskids that are worth visiting. The most popular cities are: Szczyrk, Ustroń, Bielsko-Biała, Żywiec, Krynica-Zdrój, Piwniczna-Zdrój, Istebna, Wisła and Brenna.
The latter town is located at the very end of southern Poland (Śląskie Voivodeship). Szczyrk is especially recommended in winter, due to the excellent skiing conditions. Vistula is also considered a ski resort.
Besides, it is the city where the famous ski jumper Adam Małysz comes from. Ustroń, located in the south of Silesia, is famous for its healing mineral water resources. The town of Żywiec in the Silesian Voivodeship offers excellent ski runs.