Sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases are also called venereal diseases. Before a planned pregnancy, it is worth performing a blood test for sexually transmitted diseases, because even in their latent form, they can cause problems with getting pregnant, and in the event of fertilization - they may impede the development of the fetus. They belong to the most common infectious diseases in the world and, unfortunately, the number of infected people is still growing every year.

See the video: "What tests should you do before you decide to have a baby?"

1. Classification of venereal diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases include the group of infectious diseases and the group of parasitic diseases. Venereal diseases spread through sexual contact. The most common sexually transmitted disease is infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. The classification of venereal diseases is presented below.

Viral diseasesBacterial diseasesFungal diseasesParasitic diseasesAIDSsyphilisgenital candidiasistrichomoniasisgenital herpesgonorrheascabiesviral hepatitis B and type Cchlamydiosispubic licegenital wartsvenereal ulcersamoebiasisHPV infectioninguinal granuloma

2. Epidemiology and prevention of venereal diseases

Venereal diseases are spreading fairly rapidly in the population. The reasons for this phenomenon are different:

  • high life mobility of people,
  • sexual freedom and frequent change of sexual partners,
  • development of sex tourism,
  • variety of sexual practices,
  • ignorance about sex
  • no use of mechanical protection during sex (condom).

Fortunately, nowadays we have both modern diagnostic methods as well as effective treatment methods that allow to stop the development of the disease in an infected person. If, during the blood test, the doctor diagnoses a "classic" venereal disease, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Hodgkin's disease, or a soft ulcer, should notify the sanitary and epidemiological station. However, it should be remembered that all information provided to the center is subject to medical confidentiality and is used only for epidemiological purposes. In recent years, there has been an increase in the incidence of non-"classical" venereal diseases, such as: trichomoniasis (0.2% of patients), chlamydial infection (4-10% of patients), mycoses and genital herpes (2-5% of patients).

STI prevention includes sexual abstinence, practicing monogamy in partnerships and having sex with a regular partner, and the use of condoms. Although condoms do not always prevent infection, especially in viral diseases, they do minimize the risk of infection. Treatment of venereal diseases is usually medication and is dependent on the type of pathogen causing the disease. Venereologists or dermatologists deal with treatment of venereal diseases. Condoms have grown in popularity in recent years. This situation is mainly influenced by the fear of HIV infection. The use of barrier contraception has also reduced the statistics on the incidence of certain other sex diseases.

Joanna Krocz

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