Diabetes and pregnancy planning

On average, every hundredth woman has diabetes. It happens when the pancreas produces too little insulin, the hormone responsible for metabolizing glucose. Thanks to it, the glucose accumulated in the blood can penetrate into all cells of the body. The main symptom of diabetes is hyperglycemia, i.e. an increase in blood glucose levels. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to organ failure.

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1. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is always considered at risk for women with diabetes. This does not mean that in the case of such a woman there are certain complications, but that she will have to take more care of her health and see a doctor more often.

During pregnancy, many changes occur in a woman's body, so it is also necessary to modify the treatment of diabetes. For example, after consulting your doctor, you may find that you need to change your diet, physical activity, or medication doses. All this to keep the sugar level at the right level.

2. Hyperglycemia

Glucose levels that are too high in pregnancy can cause a lot of trouble. It is at risk for the mother to develop long-term complications from diabetes such as, for example, heart disease, kidney disease or visual disturbances. In a baby, hyperglycemia increases the risk of a significant increase in birth weight, early delivery, birth defects and even miscarriage.

Hypoglycemia is when the blood glucose level is too low

If a woman makes sure her glucose levels are kept at an appropriate level during pregnancy, the risk of complications is significantly reduced. That is why it is so important to have regular check-ups during pregnancy. During the checkup, the doctor can diagnose and start treatment of diseases caused by diabetes. During the control, it will also help to modify the diet and exercise plan accordingly.

3. How do I control my diabetes?

During pregnancy, diabetic women should primarily monitor their blood glucose levels with a blood glucose meter. It is also very important that they eat properly. Following a proper diet is the best way to maintain adequate blood glucose levels and provide your body with the proper nutrients. Physical activity, which is a natural way to burn calories, also helps. You should not forget to take the prescribed doses of medications on a regular basis.

4. Research

Every pregnant woman must undergo a number of different tests during pregnancy.If you have diabetes, you may need to do it more often. One of these tests is ultrasound, which helps to control the development of the fetus.

It allows, for example, to detect possible birth defects early, but also to estimate and locate the placenta, the child's weight and the amount of amniotic fluid. Another test is CTG (cardiotocography) that allows you to monitor the heart rate of a developing child.

5. Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia is when the blood glucose level is too low. For mild disease, it is enough for a pregnant woman to eat or drink something high in carbohydrate. When blood sugar levels drop too low, you may faint or pass out.

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On the other hand, hyperglycemia is a condition where the blood sugar level in the blood serum is too high. It can occur as a result of: little physical activity, eating too much a meal, stress, illness or incorrect use of medications.

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