Diabetes - a disease of the 21st century

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most dangerous civilization diseases. According to statistics, over two million Poles are diabetics, of which only half know about it and are being treated. If untreated, the disease can lead to failure of the most important organs, such as the heart, brain and kidneys.

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1. Types of diabetes

Diabetics have high levels of glucose in the blood serum, either because the pancreas does not produce insulin properly or because the insulin does not work properly. It is a hormone that allows the cells of the entire body to absorb glucose. Diabetes is differentiated according to its causes and mechanism. The most common types are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

The first is when the pancreas produces too little or no insulin. It happens as a result of damage to the beta cells responsible for the production of this hormone. This type of diabetes most often occurs in young people and children. Type 1 diabetes mellitus starts suddenly.

Diabetics have high levels of glucose in the blood serum

Type 2 diabetes is currently the most common form of the disease. It is characterized by the so-called insulin resistance, i.e. a reduced sensitivity of the body's tissues to the hormone. The body of a sick person has a high demand for insulin, but cannot produce it in such a large amount. This type of diabetes is especially dangerous because it may be asymptomatic for many years.

2. Symptoms of diabetes

About three and a half million people worldwide die each year because of diabetes or its complications. This is mainly due to the fact that half of diabetics are unaware of their disease. A large proportion of people report to a doctor when diabetes is already very advanced and has wreaked havoc on the body.

It is not an easily detectable disease. Symptoms include: high appetite with weight loss, pollakiuria, increased thirst, visual disturbances, fatigue, sleepiness. When you notice these symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor for a quick diagnosis and possible treatment initiation. Unfortunately, these symptoms usually only appear when the disease is advanced.

Therefore, prophylactic tests for blood glucose levels should be performed at least once a year. People who are particularly vulnerable to the disease should pay a lot of attention to them. The group at increased risk of diabetes includes obese and overweight people, who lead a sedentary lifestyle and have a family history of diabetes. People with high cholesterol, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases should also regularly check their blood glucose levels.

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Diabetics are more likely to suffer from conditions such as heart attack, stroke and coronary artery disease. They are also at risk of blindness, kidney failure, and developing diabetic foot syndrome. The disease carries many risks. That is why it is so important to detect it as soon as possible and start treatment.

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