A four-year-old in kindergarten

The four-year-old enters the so-called middle preschool period. It is the time of the most intense developmental changes, on the physiological and intellectual level. Sometimes it is called the critical period due to changes in a child's development and due to his first attempts at socialization.

See the movie: "What should a preschooler be equipped with?"

1. What is a four-year-old like?

The preschool years are the period of building the basic personality structures, it is the golden age of learning, gaining social experience of the child, including adapting to life in a group. Therefore, it should be intensively used by educators from the first contacts of the child with the preschool environment.

Differences between three-year-olds and four-year-olds mark clear achievements in somatic and motor development. The child, entering this period, has all the milk teeth, moves, walks and runs, is quite independent in terms of self-care. In four-year-olds, an increase in motor performance is observed. The already mastered movements and activities are clearly improved, new skills appear, simple movements combined into combinations of movements. A four-year-old child runs and walks freely, kicks the ball and throws it, and often masters cycling or swimming. The great need for movement makes the child very mobile and often climbs trees, jumps up and dances. He cannot concentrate on one activity for a long time, so he often changes the type of physical activity. For the same reason, he is unable to accompany an adult's activities for a long time. Nevertheless, a four-year-old child pays more and more attention to the effects of his own actions and experiences the joy of motor achievements.

Four-year-olds develop fine motor skills in manipulating hands and fingers in everyday self-service activities, but also in using crayons, drawing, painting with paints or using scissors in cutting out still inaccurate shapes. Four-year-olds begin to recognize letters as sets of points. They can distinguish writing from what is not, although they cannot yet identify individual letters of the alphabet. They find it difficult to copy both geometric figures and letters.

2. Raising a four-year-old

Around the age of four, a child becomes agile and more sensitive to musical rhythms. He likes to dance, he also feels the desire to please, he wants to draw attention to himself. A child of this age likes to go against all orders that he has so far followed politely and accurately. It is then pointless to apply any penalties. Clear boundaries, firmness and consistency are very much needed in this period. A four-year-old must be able to prove himself. In various ways, including stubbornness and rebellion, and imitating adults, he seeks to enrich his own "I". As time passes, self-control grows, and so does his sense of security. Functional games are enriched with imaginative and complex activities, thanks to which they meet the needs of creation and self-expression. Children develop forms of cooperation and play. Most children of this age are fanatical about the truth. The other person's intentions are less important than the truth here. By the age of four, children begin to understand that cheating is wrong. On the other hand, their truthfulness can be embarrassing for adults, when a four-year-old boy does not say anything wrong with his aunt visiting him at home that, for example, he does not look nice.

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