How to write an essay? Step-by-step instructions and useful tips

How to write an essay? This question keeps many students awake at night, especially in the senior grades of primary and high schools. It is then that students practice this form non-stop, as it is likely to appear on the final exam.

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1. What is an essay?

The essay is - generally speaking - a simplified form of a scientific dissertation. It is very popular in the older grades of primary school, but also in high school, because it is, after all, one of the basic forms of school essays. Its purpose is to analyze a specific problem and reflect on it. When writing an essay, the student's task is to try to answer the questions asked by him in the context of the main topic, which will allow him to construct specific conclusions. The student strives to solve the problem, writes down his line of reasoning.

The essay is not an easy form of expression. It requires mindfulness, focus, analyzing information and skilful drawing conclusions. It should be consistent and logical. Therefore, many students may find it difficult to write an essay. Here are some tips that can make this task easier.

2. Thesis and hypothesis, that is the essay and its ways of reasoning

In the case of the essay, we have two options. We can bet:

• thesis - we are convinced of how to solve a given problem; we present a ready answer, and then provide arguments to defend it, e.g. Staś Tarkowski was a hero,

• hypothesis - if we do not know the solution to the problem or we are not convinced about it; we put forward our doubts and then bring up arguments to support our doubts.

It is worth remembering that the thesis always has the character of a predicative sentence. We are convinced that we are right. We take a deductive line of reasoning. So we go from the general to the specific. In turn, a hypothesis expresses a supposition. The way of thinking is inductive, which involves a gradual analysis of specific issues. Their sum will bring us closer to solving the problem.

A student writing an essay is like a detective in a crime novel! Either he knows immediately who committed the crime and he just needs to gather the relevant evidence to prove his guilt or not. However, in the latter case, he sees traces that will help him reach the perpetrator.

3. The essence of the problem, or the topic of the essay

The student is given the topic of the essay in which there is a problem. It may take the form of a question (e.g. Stanisław Wokulski - a romantic or a positivist?), The form of an adjudicating sentence (e.g. Adam Mickiewicz's Ballad "Romantic" as a program piece) or it may impose a thesis that needs to be justified (e.g. Convince your peer about the topicality of philosophy life expressed by Jan Kochanowski in "Pieśni").

4. The basis of good arguments!

The argument that the student will use to convince the teacher to his theses and hypotheses should be primarily relevant to the topic, but also thoughtful and logical. It can be a well-chosen quotation from a work or an opinion or judgment of an authority, e.g. a writer, a literary expert.

5. How to write an essay?

Finally, we come to the writing itself. The essay consists of three basic parts: introduction, development and conclusion.

The introduction should cover one paragraph. We put forward a thesis or a hypothesis in it. We can also indicate the path we want to follow when analyzing the problem posed in the subject. Note: although the introduction should be short and concise, let's spend a lot of time on it. It is, in a way, a showcase of our work. Our task is to interest the reader from the very first sentences.

The main and most important part of the dissertation is the elaboration in which we present the arguments (one paragraph is one argument). Their arrangement should be logical and consistent, e.g. they can be ordered from strongest to weakest or vice versa.

In turn, the ending is a summary of our considerations. At the end of the work we state whether the thesis turned out to be correct. The ending should occupy a similar volume of work as the introduction.

6. Essay - examples of vocabulary that should be used

Before writing an essay, it is worth writing down what we want to include in individual parts of the work. Let's also formulate a thesis and arguments.

It is also worth remembering a few useful phrases and phrases, e.g. first, secondly, in my opinion, I am of the opinion, now I will go over to the discussion, at the beginning, to sum up, I can certainly say that this allows us to draw a conclusion, my opinion confirms words, here's what he says about it.

By remembering these few important rules, you can master the art of essay writing! The only thing that may surprise us is the topic!

See also: How to write a characteristic?

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