How to choose a kindergarten?
There was a time when kindergartens acted as storage facilities, without excessive educational ambitions. Parents, who did not enjoy the luxury of grandparents, dropped off their Happiness at kindergarten day after day at the crack of dawn. The toddler's tears were not particularly taken care of there.
Watch the movie: "24-hour kindergartens for children"
Nice kindergarten teachers chased the parent away, and the child was transported to class. 30 years ago, the child's psyche was rather not explored. The dramas related to the separation from mum, unknown surroundings and new challenges were not concerned with. Cold rearing was the leading tendency. Individualism was out of place. The kindergarten was to provide care in the absence of parents. End.
How to encourage a child to attend kindergarten?
Taking a child to kindergarten in the morning can be a huge emotional challenge for many parents ...see the gallery
1. History of the kindergarten
I remember a large building, few toys, milk soup and white brawn and compulsory aging. I don't remember any Lady comforting any child. There was order, silence and a rigid schedule of the day. There were classes and that's it. English, dancing, swimming? It was a luxury. Surprisingly, I am not haunted by any trauma. What's more, I have the impression that I was prepared for the first class much better than it is the case with the present kids.
We all could read, numbers were also no secret to us. And let me remind you that the first class looked completely different. 45 minute lessons, aprons, no games, homework and grades. We persevered somehow, but shouldn't I have other memories from that period? Nobody complained. Maybe because it wouldn't have done anything anyway, because there was no choice. So completely different than now. Everything has changed!
Kindergartens occasionally resemble those from 30 years ago. They outdo each other in ideas. How to make the time spent in them more attractive for a child? What is the best way to introduce him to his new responsibilities and the new world? How to develop its potential, and at the same time take care of emotions, psyche and well-being.
Most importantly, the enormous role of kindergarten in shaping the social attitudes of a child and in its socialization is more and more clearly perceived. The kindergarten is no longer a necessary evil, but a chance for children to develop interpersonal relationships, integrate with their peers and educate them. Parents can choose between private and public institutions. They can pick and choose in all kinds of profiled kindergartens. They just have to wait for theirs on the queue lists.
2. Public kindergartens (local government, municipal)
"A public kindergarten is a kindergarten which: provides free education, upbringing and care during the time determined by the governing body, but not longer than 5 hours a day". So if we want our child to stay in kindergarten for up to 5 hours, it costs us nothing (at least theoretically). During this time, the kindergarten is obliged to implement the so-called core curriculum. Unfortunately, the situation is generally different in practice.
Most public kindergartens receive the so-called fixed fees for a toddler's stay over 5 hours. In addition, it does not deduct the days when the child was actually absent from the amount due. In addition, in the public kindergarten there are fees for meals (settled accordingly in the event of the toddler's absence), the parents' committee and additional activities that not every kindergarten offers.
Another feature of public kindergartens is the permanent lack of a sufficient number of places. Waiting lists are long and children in groups are many. Fortunately, a large part of these establishments have sufficiently large premises. Most have their own playground and kitchen, which is a huge plus.
The teaching staff with higher education cannot be overestimated either. Only teachers with specialist education, at least at the undergraduate level, and with considerable experience resulting from many years of internship. Many institutions do everything to make up for the shortcomings in teaching aids, toys and technical novelties with commitment, innovative teaching methods and the heart shown to children. In larger cities, you can find public kindergartens, offering an interesting program and many attractions.
3. Private kindergarten
A non-public kindergarten may be established by a legal or natural person. It differs from a public kindergarten mainly in fees. One-time, non-returnable entry fee, monthly tuition from several hundred to 1000 - 1500 zlotys or even more. In general, private kindergartens do not provide for a refund for the period when the child is absent.
The fees paid by parents cover a very wide range of "services". In addition to care, introducing the core curriculum and catering, they offer additional activities such as swimming pool, ballet, karate, theater classes, art clubs, trips to the cinema, theater, museum, trips and picnics. Sometimes, however, you have to pay extra for some of them!
Private kindergartens are eager to introduce any novelties in the field of preschool education. In addition, they invest considerable resources in an attractive interior design, interesting, aesthetic and "smart" toys. Very often, the downside is the small area of the premises and the lack of a kitchen, which means the need to deliver meals. It also happens that the staff of educators does not have the appropriate education. The advantage of private kindergartens is usually a relatively small number of children in a group.
This group of kindergartens offers the widest range of profiled kindergartens. Those where great emphasis is placed on the development of a given skill, abilities, or on expanding knowledge in a given field, e.g. ecology. Of course, they also implement the so-called core curriculum. (read more about them here).
4. Which kindergarten is the best?
I don't think there is a rule. You can easily find great public kindergartens, bad private ones, and vice versa. It can be assumed that the main advantage of the public is educated staff, low prices and good premises, while the private ones - the multitude and variety of activities and broadly understood modernity.