English numbers. How to remember them?
Numbers in English are, next to the alphabet and colors, one of the basics of learning this language. Contrary to appearances, their assimilation is not that easy. Particularly confusing can be large numbers, such as the Polish trillion which in English ... does not mean it at all. How to understand the rules of creating numbers in English and learn them once and for all? Here is our cheat sheet.
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1. What are the types of numbers in English?
In English, there are 3 types of numbers and they are:
- cardinal numerals - cardinal numerals;
- ordinal numerals - ordinal numerals;
- fractions - fractions.
We will discuss each of them below.
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2. English cardinal numbers
Learning numbers in English, as in the case of other languages, is best to start with numbers from 1 to 12. It is best to memorize the numbers in this range, because they form the basis for the next numbers, moreover, there is no rule for their formation.
Larger numbers are based on certain principles that we'll discuss in a moment.
2.1. English numbers from 1 to 12 with pronunciation
- 1 - one [Ian];
- 2 - two [here];
- 3 - three [fri];
- 4 - four [for]
- 5 - five [fajf];
- 6 - six [siks]
- 7 - seven [sewen];
- 8 - eight [ejt];
- 9 - nine [najn];
- 10 - this [the one];
- 11- eleven [ilewen];
- 12 - twelve [background].
2.2. English numbers from 13 to 19 with pronunciation
The following numbers in English are easy to remember if you think of them ending in -teen. "Teeneger" in English means a teenager, meaning a person who is "teen" years old.
- 13 - thirteen [fertin];
- 14 - fourteen [fortin];
- 15 - fifteen [fiftin];
- 16 - sixteen [sikstin];
- 17 - seventeen [sewentin];
- 18 - eighteen [ejtin];
- 19 - nineteen [najntin].
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2.3. English numbers from 20 to 100 with pronunciation
The names of the numbers 20 to 90 are mostly derived from the corresponding numbers that we have already written about. Their ending will also be helpful in remembering - you.
- 20 - twenty [tenti];
- 30 - thirty [ferti];
- 40 - forts [forti];
- 50 - fifty [fifti];
- 60 - sixty [sixsti];
- 70 - seventy [sewenti];
- 80 - eighty [ejti];
- 90 - ninety [najnti].
2.4. The rest of the numbers are in English
The remaining numbers are formed by combining tens with ones. Separate both numbers with a hyphen.
- 21 - twenty - one [tenti Ian];
- 35 - thirty - five [ferti fajf];
- 48 - forty - eight [forti ejt];
- 73 - seventy - three [sewenti fri].
We create hundreds and thousands by using the words "hundred" - 100 and "thousand" - 1000, e.g.
- 400 - four hundred [for handred];
- 5600 - five thousand and six hundred [five false end siks handred].
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3. Ordinal numbers in English
Ordinal numbers in English indicate the order of persons or objects in the series. We usually make them by adding the suffix - th to the appropriate number. The exception is the first - first, second - second and third - third numerals.
The most commonly used numbers in the English language are:
- first - first, 1th;
- the second - second, 2th
- third - third, 3rd;
- fourth - fourth, 4th;
- fifth - fifth, 5th;
- sixth - sixth, 6th;
- seventh - seventh, 7th;
- eighth - eighth, 8th;
- ninth - ninth, 9th;
- tenth - tenth, 10th;
- eleventh - eleventh, 11th;
- twelfth - twelfth, 12th;
- thirteenth - thirteenth, 13th;
- fourteenth - fourteenth, 14th;
- fifteenth - fifteenth, 15th;
- sixteenth - sixteenth, 16th;
- seventeenth - seventeenth, 17th;
- eighteenth - eighteenth, 18th;
nineteenth - nineteenth, 19th;
twentieth - twentieth, 20th;
- thirtieth, 30th;
- the fortieth - fortieth, 40th;
- fiftieth - fiftieth, 50th;
- sixtieth - sixtieth, 60th;
- seventy - seventieth, 70th;
- eighty - eightieth, 80th;
- ninetieth - ninetieth, 90th;
- hundredth - hundredth, 100th.
4. English numbers - fractions
We write fractions in English as either ordinary or decimal. We usually read:
- 1/4 - one-fours (one quarter);
- 2/3 - two-thirds (two thirds);
- 7/8 - seven-eights.
The numeral is a cardinal number of fractions, and the nominative is ordinal, ending in -s.
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In the case of decimals in English, we write the numeral and then the denominator after the dot (in Polish it is a comma).
In decimals, we read the digits after the point separately:
- 2.34 - two point three four;
- 5.18 - five point one eight;
- 9.35 - nine point three five.
Point means a dot; we read zero as zero or naught.