The English method is also known as the double check method. It is a method of natural family planning that uses certain symptoms to determine when a woman has fertile and infertile days. On this basis, intercourse can be planned. If a woman wants to have a child, she chooses fertile days for intercourse, if not - infertile. The English method is symptothermal.
See the video: "What tests should you do before you decide to have a baby?"
1. History of the English method
The English method was developed in the 1970s and 1980s in Great Britain. It was developed by a team of gynecologists from the Obstetrics Hospital. Queen Elizabeth. It is a method that allows to assess a woman's fertility based on research and analysis of the effectiveness of the then known natural methods of family planning. In 2002, the method was modified by introducing changes in observations in special situations, i.e. after childbirth, during premenopausal and after discontinuation of contraceptive pills.
Planning a pregnancy using natural methods requires a woman to observe her own body and her menstrual cycle every day. Natural family planning methods are suitable for both women who wish to become pregnant and those who wish to use it as a contraceptive. Women with irregular cycles may find it difficult to apply the symptothermal method.
2. How is the English method used?
The English method as a natural method of contraception as well as a method that facilitates getting pregnant is based on the woman's self-observation. Three factors should be investigated:
- basal body temperature of a woman;
- the appearance and amount of cervical mucus;
- cervical symptoms.
These three factors make it possible to calculate the woman's fertile and infertile days - although only temperature can be examined and, optionally, mucus or cervix. The temperature should be taken at the same time every day, when you wake up and before getting out of bed. A period of higher-than-normal body temperature means that there is a period around ovulation.
The appearance, consistency and amount of cervical mucus are also very important. The fertile mucus is flexible, transparent, and quite profuse, causing a feeling of moisture in the vagina. It appears during ovulation, i.e. when a woman is most fertile. It makes it easier for sperm to reach the egg, speeds up their movement, provides them with nutrients and allows only the most efficient sperm to pass through. The infertile mucus, on the other hand, is opaque (whitish or yellowish) and sticky, and does not feel moist in the vagina. It blocks sperm from entering the vagina. The double-check method also requires examination of cervical symptoms. This means observing the openness, softness and height of the cervix. It is tested by inserting one or two fingers into the vagina.
When the time for ovulation, or full fertility, is determined, there are two fertile periods left. The pre-ovulatory infertility phase is the relative infertility phase. This means that if sperm enters the vagina during this time, it can fertilize. Thanks to the right conditions, they can survive in the vagina for up to 7 days, so fertilization itself may take place some time, in the fertile phase. The absolute infertility phase follows ovulation. Then the probability of becoming pregnant is minimal.