Hybrid teaching. What is, who is obligated to, what are the rules of hybrid learning?
Hybrid teaching is a combination of residential and distance learning. In this system, full-time teaching may be provided by no more than 50%. students of a given institution, and for the other half, classes are held remotely using distance learning techniques and methods. Who does hybrid teaching apply to, when is it valid and in which provinces? You can find answers to these and other questions in the article below.
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1. What is hybrid teaching?
Hybrid teaching is also called semi-remote or blended learning. Classes are organized in such a way that a maximum of half of the students are in school at the same time. The rest of them have classes in the remote form at this time, and then they are swapped, so that the students carrying out stationary classes switch to the online mode, and the students who have been learning remotely so far, return to the school benches.
The purpose of introducing the hybrid mode is to limit the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which has been the cause of the Covid-19 epidemic in Poland since March 2020. This teaching system limits direct contacts between students and teachers.
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2. How long will hybrid teaching last?
As part of the recent relaxation of restrictions, hybrid learning was introduced on April 26, 2021, for students in grades 1-3 of primary schools, in 11 provinces. On May 4, 2021, all primary school students throughout the country returned to full-time classes.
From May 17, 2021, hybrid teaching will be introduced for grades 4-8 of primary schools and 1-4 of secondary schools. Due to the improving epidemic situation, all students will return to full-time education after May 29, 2021.
3. What are the principles of hybrid learning?
What exactly is hybrid teaching? In autumn 2020, the Ministry of Education and Science published a special guide for educators and teachers on hybrid teaching. The collection of recommendations and good practices regarding this form of teaching is available on the website of the ministry.
Below are some of the most important principles of hybrid learning:
- the class teacher is in constant contact with students and their parents and monitors the implementation of compulsory education by students on an ongoing basis, verifying their presence during remote classes; in the case of the student's absence, determines the reason for it;
- the tutor, in cooperation with other teachers, determines the level of students' involvement, their activity during the lesson and helps to solve current problems;
- implementation of the educational and preventive program by educators and with the support of a specialist - adjusting the topics of classes with the educator to the emerging problems related to the pandemic and remote learning;
- stimulating social contact of students by enabling them virtual contact at a specific time, e.g. after compulsory classes, which take place without the participation of a teacher (after introducing the rules of this contact together with students and parents, which will ensure safety on the Internet);
- enabling on-line consultations for parents, as needed;
- every teacher, including those who organize special education, should clearly define the answers to questions asked by students and their parents via the school's messenger; ideally, these rules should be consistent across the school.
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4. Assessment in hybrid teaching
Below are some of the rules for assessing students in hybrid teaching:
- Teachers have a responsibility to monitor students' progress in remote learning.
- Methods of monitoring students' progress and verifying knowledge and skills during the period of distance learning are included in the methods of checking knowledge in particular subjects.
- The teacher determines the method of checking knowledge and skills and decides which task will be assessed.
- Monitoring and verifying knowledge can be performed by means of tests, quizzes, orders, works placed on the educational platform applicable at the school or in an independent form, documented in the manner specified by the work-at-home teacher, with particular emphasis on the psychophysical abilities of students, the level of IT competences and availability. communication equipment owned.
- The teacher may require students to carry out specific instructions, tasks, works, projects posted on the Internet, e.g. on an educational platform, or ask them to do work at home and document it, e.g. in the form of a photo sent by e-mail.
- The teacher archives individual students' homework for the week (or month) and keeps them available for review. Written works, worksheets and photos of the artistic and technical works performed are stored by the teacher in a folder specially created for this purpose.
- All work commissioned by the teacher to the students as compulsory are assessed. This does not mean, however, that the grade has to be graded.
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- The student has the opportunity to correct the grades obtained for the tasks performed during distance learning in the manner and on the date set by the teacher. The rules for improving the grade, including the grades from the placement test, should be consistent with the provisions of the School Statute.
- The teacher may prepare a test for which the student will receive a grade on the agreed data carriers.
- Information on conducting knowledge checking tests should be posted well in advance. Specify the test start date and time and the estimated time for the test to take place. This will allow students to determine when they will need to use the computer.
- A student who does not take the knowledge test (a quiz, test) is obliged to write the test within an additional time limit set by the teacher.
- The grades obtained during distance learning are available in the e-journal or sent to students and parents on an electronic basis, determined and uniform for the entire school.
- Determining the method of confirming the student's participation in classes other than on-line classes and the method and date of justifying the students' absence from classes.
Student assessment aims to:
- mobilizing students to work systematically;
- valuing diligence in carrying out tasks and overcoming encountered difficulties;
- providing criteria for individual assessments for each task;
- the possibility of improving each rating received;
- taking into account psychophysical as well as organizational and technical possibilities.
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5. Hybrid teaching and care allowance
In connection with the Covid-19 pandemic and the periodic closure of educational institutions, an additional care allowance was introduced by the government. It is granted to parents of children whose facility is closed due to a pandemic situation or functions to a limited extent and it is not possible to provide care for children attending it.
This allowance is also payable during hybrid education, depending on the teaching schedule in a given institution. Currently, the possibility of receiving this benefit under the current rules is valid until May 23, 2021.
Additional care allowance is granted to parents of children up to 8 years of age and parents of older children who have a certificate of disability or need special education.