Irregular menstruation and pregnancy

Irregular menstruation and pregnancy - it might seem that irregular menstruation is not related to a woman's fertility. However, this is most often not the case. Irregular periods and other menstrual disorders may suggest problems with ovulation, without which a woman is infertile. With irregular periods, it is more difficult to identify the woman's fertile and infertile days. However, it cannot be concluded that irregularly menstruating women are not infertile - however, they should investigate the cause of irregular periods, as some diseases that cause menstrual disorders can also lead to infertility.

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1. What can irregular periods mean?

Most women have eleven to thirteen monthly bleedings during the year. However, there are also women for whom more or fewer periods are the norm. You should always take into account the individual predispositions of the organism and the standards it sets. Very often, irregular periods occur at the very beginning of puberty and as the menopause approaches. It is associated with a hormonal imbalance in both of these periods.

Irregular periods and other menstrual disturbances can also be signs of ovulation problems which cause infertility.

Irregularities in the menstrual cycle can also be caused by other factors:

  • irregular lifestyle,
  • sudden weight gain or weight loss,
  • increased physical effort,
  • a lot of stress,
  • infections,
  • traveling,
  • taking hormonal drugs,
  • polycystic ovary syndrome,
  • Asherman syndrome,
  • eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia,
  • irritable bowel syndrome,
  • liver diseases,
  • diabetes,
  • thyroid disorders,
  • disorders related to the functioning of the pituitary gland,
  • disorders related to the functioning of the adrenal glands.

The absence of your period for an extended period of time can also mean that you are pregnant and this possibility cannot be ruled out until you are sure of it. Better to avoid alcohol, caffeine and cigarettes at this time when you are not sure and your period is not coming. At the beginning of pregnancy, it is possible to harm your baby the most.

2. Do irregular periods make it difficult to get pregnant?

The answer is yes and no. Irregular menstruation can make it difficult to get pregnant if it is associated with an ovulation disorder. When anovulatory cycles occur, the woman is infertile during them. Ovulation can be investigated using home fertility tests similar to pregnancy tests, or by using natural family planning methods (i.e. basal body temperature, cervical mucus, cervical factor and other signs of ovulation). If you do not have these symptoms throughout the cycle, the cycle may be anovulatory. A single cycle without ovulating is nothing to worry about and it happens from time to time for many women. However, if the anovulatory cycle repeats monthly, you should see your gynecologist. Research will be needed to find the cause of menstrual and ovulation disorders.

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