Nile - the longest river in the world. Where is it and how long is it?

The Nile flows through central and northeastern Africa, crossing all climatic zones. It is considered to be the longest river in the world, flowing through various areas. The Nile is a river full of mysteries and puzzles - it can be calm and cause floods. Where is it and through which countries does it flow?

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1. How long is the Nile?

The Nile is considered to be the longest river in the world - its length was estimated at about 6,650 km. According to some sources, however, the first place belongs to another river - the Amazon with a length of 7025 km, but this is a contentious issue that has not been unequivocally resolved for many years.

The area of ​​the Nile basin is 3,400 thousand. km², the maximum width of the river is 2.8 km, and its maximum depth reaches 11 m.

2. Where is the Nile?

The Nile flows through a wide variety of landscapes - mountains, valleys, swamps, backwaters, savannas and deserts. It takes various forms - it creates both gentle bends and meanders, as well as high, swift waterfalls.

The Nile flows through both hemispheres of the world and flows among others via Burundia, Tanzania, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Uganda, Sudan, South Sudan and Egypt.

3. Where does the Nile come from?

It is now assumed that the source of the Nile is a small river called Kagera that flows into Lake Victoria, located in the Burundian area. The Nile then flows into Lake Victoria, from where it flows further to the northwest as the Victoria Nile, forming the Ripon and Owen Falls.

It stretches as far as Sudan, and in Khartoum it is connected with the White Nile. Then it flows in a slightly narrower form and meets one of the largest tributaries - the Atabara River, which is considered to be responsible for the extensive floods at the turn of May and June.

4. The White Nile and the Blue Nile

Near Khartoum (the capital of Sudan), a second tributary joins the White Nile, the mainstream of the Nile. It is the mighty Blue Nile. There is a specific division of tasks between the White and the Blue Nile.

White is the persistent one, and its waters dominate most of the year. Blue flows from Lake Tana (in the Highlands of Ethiopia) and is responsible for creating water falls, i.e. waterfalls. In the summer in the Ethiopia region, when the rainy season approaches, the Blue Nile becomes a huge wave of water that can cause floods.

It flows, scooping up various vegetation, washing away the soil, it reaches the White Nile with it all and overflows it. As a result, the river flows up to its mouth in the Delta.

5. Nile - interesting facts

The history of the Nile has many interesting facts. One of them says that in ancient Egypt, crocodiles that inhabited the Nile were considered sacred animals; the river itself was considered sacred, so the animals that live in it must also be sacred.

Another interesting fact that is worth mentioning concerns Lake Nasser, which was created as a result of the partition of the Nile by the High Aswan Dam, built in 1971.

According to sources, the ruins of the city of Hierakaminos are located under the lake. In this city there were, among others Maharraki temple, which it was decided to move so that it would not be flooded with water.

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