Think about flu in the fall
The peak of the incidence in Poland takes place in the first months of the year, but experts argue that now is the right time to get vaccinated against the flu. Is it worth it?
Watch the video: "AH1N1 - how to prevent infection?"
Certainly, if we look at the statistics. The number of flu cases is growing year by year. NIPH-PZH reports that as many as 4,035,178 people fell ill with influenza and flu-like diseases since September 2015. It is almost 7 percent. more than last season. 32 percent the percentage of patients who required hospitalization was higher. Unfortunately, 140 patients died from influenza and its complications. In addition, many cases of infection with the influenza A / H1N1 virus have been reported.
Child with flu (123RF)
The latest reports from NIPH-PZH are also not optimistic. In the period from 23 to 31 August 2016, a total of 34,234 cases and suspected cases of influenza were registered in Poland.
1. Unequal fight against the virus
Although summer is not over yet, new flu vaccines have already arrived in pharmacies and healthcare facilities. Experts of the Polish National Program Against Influenza indicate that now is the best time to strengthen immunity and protect yourself from complications from influenza.
This year, the composition of the flu vaccine has been updated. Two new strains of the virus appeared in it.
Influenza vaccination should especially be considered by people at risk of:
- elder people,
- chronically ill people,
- pregnant women.
However, flu can affect anyone. And although it is an infection that is often underestimated, it can seriously weaken a previously healthy and strong person.
- In every area of life, consistency and regularity are important. The same rule applies to vaccinations. Annual vaccinations immunize our body against all types of flu virus present in the vaccine.
Regular vaccination protects against complicated flu, which are dangerous to health and life - said prof. dr hab. n. med. Adam Antczak, chairman of the Scientific Council of the National Program for Combating Influenza.
2. Flu symptoms
Influenza is a group of clinical symptoms associated with an infection of the respiratory system. The disease appears suddenly, its incubation period is very short (on average it is two days).
The flu is said to be "knocking off your feet" for a reason. Its symptoms are extremely violent. The patient complains of headache, muscle pain, chills and fever. The infection may also result in a sore throat, rhinitis and dry cough.
Influenza is a viral disease, so antibiotics are not necessary in its course. The patient is given antipyretic drugs, such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen). Due to the risk of Reye's syndrome, acetylsalicylic acid must not be used in children and adolescents up to 18 years of age.
In some cases, antiviral drugs are used.
3. Complications of the flu
According to the data of the National Program Against Influenza, one person in the world dies on average every minute of influenza. It is an insidious and dangerous disease, mainly due to the relatively high risk of complications.
And there is a whole list of them, including pneumonia, streptococcal angina, and meningitis. Getting out of the disease is definitely more difficult in the case of people with comorbid chronic diseases, such as: diabetes, COPD, asthma, ischemic disease.
Vaccination is the primary method of prophylaxis. It does not give 100 percent. guarantee of protection against disease, as it depends on the season and the patient's health condition.