Hashimoto's symptoms - what is Hashimoto's, diagnosis, treatment
The thyroid gland is one of those glands in the body that affects many of its functions. If the thyroid stops working properly, the effects of it become apparent very quickly, because no organ works properly without the support of this gland. Diseases associated with a disturbance of the thyroid gland are hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism or Hashimoto's disease. The symptoms of Hashimoto's or other gland diseases are easy to spot, but can be confused with stress or fatigue, for example. So how do you distinguish Hashimoto's symptoms from the effects of an unhealthy lifestyle?
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1. Hashimoto's symptoms - what is Hashimoto's
What are the main symptoms of Hashimoto's and what is the disease? The most important information about the disease is that we are dealing with an autoimmune ailment that is related to the immune system of every human being. According to some doctors, the symptoms of Hashimoto's, i.e. the disease in general, are genetically determined, but there are also those who say that one of the causes of the disease is prolonged stress. At some point, the thyroid gland becomes inflamed and destroys its own immune cells. Hashimoto's symptoms are very often not associated with thyroid disorders, even for several years. Because the entire disease process is hidden, and only when the thyroid gland is damaged enough to no longer produce hormones, the patient begins to feel the effects of their deficiency.
Hashimoto's symptoms are often misinterpreted by the patient
2. Hashimoto's symptoms - diagnostics
In most cases, Hashimoto's symptoms are diagnosed with routine blood tests. Very often, the patient comes to the doctor with symptoms that are not related to the disturbed functioning of the thyroid gland. In women, such a signal that something abnormal is happening with the thyroid gland is trouble getting pregnant or frequent early miscarriages, for example spontaneous miscarriages. Hashimoto's symptoms are also disturbed menstrual periods, which become less heavy, in some cases menstruation is irregular.
Other symptoms of thyroid disease include dizziness, heart problems for which there is no specific cause, such as lack of potassium or increased physical exertion. Other symptoms of Hashimoto's that are not always associated with the thyroid gland are joint pain, muscle stiffness, trouble breathing, frequent fatigue, and drowsiness. The patient also complains of problems with proper concentration and memory. Hashimoto's symptoms, which patients rarely report, include significant weight gain, low mood, and general deterioration in mental health. Many of these symptoms are most often associated with stress, a difficult life situation or demanding work, improper diet or lack of exercise in the fresh air.
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3. Hashimoto's symptoms - treatment
Once Hashimoto's symptoms are confirmed by the doctor, he or she should institute appropriate treatment. It is very often recommended to take anti-inflammatory drugs at the beginning of the treatment, followed by the thyroid hormone levothyroxine. The hormone is given in tablets that must be taken on an empty stomach and washed down with more water. In most cases, taking the drug has no side effects and it is an effective therapy, but you have to remember that you need to use the pills for the rest of your life. Of course, when the symptoms of Hashimoto's are confirmed and treatment is started, it is necessary to systematically test the level of thyroid hormones, sometimes the doctor may order an ultrasound.