Particles. What do you need to know about them?

A particle is, like a conjunction and a preposition, an unchangeable part of speech. It is used to express the speaker's attitude to the spoken content. What should I know about it?

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1. Particle functions

With a particle, you can express:

  • confirmation or denial, e.g. No, I'm not going anywhere today.
  • question, e.g. Do you know who it is?
  • certainty or supposition, e.g. You will definitely pass this exam. I think I have the flu.
  • a wish or an order, e.g. May you succeed. Let him come here.
  • sender's emotions, e.g. But you can't!
  • reference to the content of the statement, e.g. I have read all the books || Yeah, you have to go to the library.

Verb modes. What should you know about this part of speech?

Verb modes: predicative, imperative, and conditional, express some action or state that ...

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In literature, especially in the works of Jan Kochanowski and Adam Mickiewicz, one can often find the particle -li, e.g. They knew this country? It is now obsolete and is not used, except in stylized texts. Particles are also considered archaisms just and after all.

It is worth remembering that particles are not syntactically unrelated.

Parts of speech - different and unchanging

In Polish, parts of speech are divided into distinct and unchanging. The former include verbs, ...

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2. Particle spelling rules

  • Particles -li, -that, -ż spelled together with the word that preceded it, e.g. Where has he gone? Let him say something!
  • Particles that enhance the meaning of words -those, Well - is saved separately, e.g. Give me that phone. This is just for you!
  • Particle -by we write together with personal verb forms (e.g. would give), conjunctions (e.g. if) and other particles (e.g. let it)
  • Particle -by spelled separately for nonpersonal verb forms and for the rest of speech (e.g. Perhaps more would have been bought)

"No" with adjectives. Spelling rules

In primary school, pupils have to deal with the rules of spelling. These are not easy issues, ...

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It is sometimes difficult to identify the particles in a sentence. They are also not easy to remember. However, there is a way! Note that almost every particle contains one of the following particles: -whether, no, no. If we read them in one breath, we get an easy-to-remember sentence: He counts knives, let him not.

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