Relationships with peers
Relationships with peers make a significant contribution to the emotional development of a child. Already in preschool age, the child begins to be more and more with his peers - the first friendships appear, the child learns to build bonds with people from outside the immediate family. Relationships with peers also help to develop interpersonal skills, so needed in adult life.
See the movie: "How is a preschooler developing?"
A sense of belonging to a group begins to develop in a preschool child. Children are looking for ...see the gallery
1. Relationships with peers and interpersonal skills
Relationships with peers are an important element of the child's socialization process, which allows them to learn the rules prevailing in the group and in society. Contrary to appearances, the ability to yield to others, share toys or sweets is very important skills that positively affect the emotional development of a child.
Acquiring the ability to collaborate with others largely requires contact with a group of peers. These types of rules and skills may be a novelty for a child, if there are no siblings with whom it would already establish similar rules of conduct.
Relationships with peers can shape a child's behavior through positive and negative reinforcements of specific behaviors. When a preschooler does something reprehensible, he or she may be criticized or ignored by the group. Positive reinforcement is a smile, kind words or praise of the child. The child learns to conform to certain norms without parental control and thanks to peer group assessments. Negative evaluations from colleagues put the child in a difficult situation. However, it allows you to deal with the hostility of others on your own.
Thanks to common thematic games, for example at home or hospital, the child learns to empathize with different roles. It is also important in such games that they allow for various interactions with peers.
2. Relationships with peers and communication skills
Making and maintaining contact with other people is another skill that a child learns gradually. Interpersonal skills, such as negotiating, resolving conflicts, and settling issues, will come in handy in adulthood, where they are highly valued.
Positive relationships with peers and first friendships allow the child to build relationships, learn clear and fluent communication and express their own needs and assessments. A child who often talks and plays with others is more open to expressing feelings and has less resistance to contact with other people.
Although relationships with peers have a significant impact on the emotional and social development of a child, relationships with adults are no less important.