Lynx. Characteristics and systematics

The lynx, formerly known as the ostrowidz, is a predatory mammal belonging to the cat subfamily, in the felidae family. A poor runner, he has excellent eyesight, and spends most of his time, like a domestic cat, sleeping. What does the lynx look like, where does it occur and is it threatened with extinction?

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1. What does a lynx look like?

The lynx (lynx) has long strong legs with clawed fingers and a round head. The outside is dark red with brown spots, his belly is white. Usually, on the neck and underside of the animal's head, the hair forms the so-called sideburns.

The lynx's ears are spiky, erect, and on top of them there are tufts of dark, usually black hair. Their purpose is to concentrate sound waves that lead sounds to the animal's ears - thanks to them he hears better.

This animal is of medium size. The body length of the lynx is 65 to 110 cm, its tail is 5 to 23 cm long. Weight ranges from 5 kg to 23; usually males are 25% larger and heavier than females.

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2. Characteristics of the lynx

The lynx can climb trees efficiently and quickly, it is great jumpers. He doesn't like running, he gets tired quickly. Like a domestic cat, it can purr.

During the day, the lynx hides in its hideouts, and at night it goes hunting. He is a loner outside the mating season. Male and female meet once a year during heat. The gestation period of a lynx is approximately 70 days. The young are born in a well-hidden place. After birth, they weigh about 300 g, they suckle the mother's milk for 3 to 6 months.

The young lynx opens its eyes only after 10 days. With time, he begins to accompany his mother on her trips and fights with other lynxes. Before the end of the year, he becomes independent, leaves his mother and looks for his district. It can travel up to 7 km in one night to find food. They cross busy streets, sometimes even highways, using animal crossings.

The lynx is a good swimmer, it can swim 0.5 km wide water. Thanks to the readings from telemetry collars placed on the lynx, released by the West Pomeranian Nature Society, we know that they can cross the Odra or the Vistula.

This animal, just like a domestic cat, spends many hours sleeping, and it is very important to rest. For this reason, it needs large forest areas to allow it to regenerate peacefully.

The lynx eats mainly deer and roe deer, during one meal it eats about 1 kg of meat, and during the day from 1.7 to 3.6 kg. The results of the research showed that 1 adult individual can hunt about 60 deer in 1 year.

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3. Systematics

This genus most likely has a common ancestor with the genera Puma, Prionailurus and Felis. The lynx was the first to separate from the main development line. It includes species such as:

  • Lynx rufus - red lynx;
  • Lynx canadensis - Canadian lynx;
  • Lynx lynx - Eurasian lynx;
  • Lynx pardinus - Iberian lynx.

As for a taxonomy of this kind, it is as follows:

  • Domain - eukaryotes;
  • Kingdom - animals;
  • Type - stringers;
  • Phylum - mammals;
  • Subgroup - viviparous;
  • Infragromada - placental mammals;
  • Row - predatory;
  • Family - felids;
  • Subfamily - cats;
  • Genus - lynx.

4. Where is the lynx found?

Lynxes are found in the forests of Europe, in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Spain, Portugal, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Italy, Slovenia and Croatia, among others.

In Asia, this animal can be found in Russia, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, People's Republic of China, North Korea, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, and in North America, Canada, the United States and Mexico.

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5. Is the lynx under protection?

The lynx has been under species protection since January 6, 1995, and was entered on the list of specially protected species. By a separate legal act on June 30, 1995, it was excluded from the list of wild game animals.

In 2004, it was placed under strict protection as a species requiring active protection, and the regulation of 2011 on species protection also requires the designation of 500 m of protection zones according to the breeding sites of the lynx (valid in the period from 1 April to 31 August).

In the Polish Red Book it has the NT threat category - a species of lower risk, but close to threat. Currently, about 150 individuals live in Poland.

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