Noun: inflection, types, spelling

A noun is a different part of speech. Students associate them with cases they have to learn. However, it is worth knowing a little more about the noun, e.g. how to correctly write it with a particle "no".

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1. What is a noun?

A noun is part of speech, it can mean objects (e.g. a table), people (e.g. Janek), animals and plants (e.g. a bird, a rose), concepts (e.g. good, law), activities (e.g. running, sleeping) and traits (e.g. youth, joy). Among nouns, there are proper nouns (eg Bydgoszcz, Oborniki, Zeus, Krzysztof) and common nouns (eg human, dog, horse, city, river). They are divided into viable (e.g. snake, carp, human, cat) and non-viable (e.g. pencil, table, window, sun).

What is a noun? (Unsplash)

2. What questions does the noun answer?

The noun answers the questions: who? What? It declines for cases and numbers. It is determined by an adjective. The variation by cases is called declination:

  • Nominative: who? What?
  • Genitive: who? what?
  • Dating: who? why?
  • Accusative: who? What?
  • Toolbox: who? what?
  • Locative: about whom? about what?
  • Wołacz: oh!

A noun consists of a subject and an ending. The subject is the part of a word that remains after the ending is separated. The ending, on the other hand, is the ending part of a word that changes during the change, e.g. to man, to man.

Different characters of the same topic are called secondary themes, e.g. road, road, road. The alternations of the theme consist in the replacement of vowels or consonants, e.g. snake: snake-a, flour-a: mud-e.

A noun can be masculine (e.g. TV, moon, knight), feminine (e.g. book, goodness, river), or neuter (e.g. baby, playground). There are personal nouns that are used in two genders, depending on whether they denote male or female persons, e.g. orphan, cripple (poor cripple: poor cripple). In a sentence, a noun can be a subject, an attribute, a predicate, an object, and a genius.

3. Spelling "no" with nouns

We write the particle "no" together with nouns, eg aversion, danger, misfortune, anxiety, enemy, disorder, discomfort. There are, however, exceptions to this rule. Separate spelling should be used when the particle "no" expresses the opposition, eg not the weather, but my malaise is the reason for being late.

It happens that the opposition in the sentence is missing, but its presence is easy to guess. In this case, the particle "no" should also be written separately with the noun, for example, Service not best man. There is also a separate "not" between two identical nouns. In this way, a certain generalization or uncertainty about the described object is expressed, eg weather, not weather, you have to go to work.

The "no" particle is also spelled separately after adverbs, by no means and not at all. In this way, the truth of the judgment is emphasized - contrary to assumptions that it could be otherwise, for example, it was not luck at all that decided about Małgosia's fate.

The exception is also the spelling of nouns preceded by phrases: if not, not yet, not anymore, not even. Here, "no" should also be written separately, eg. It's not spring yet, it's already warm. In logical contradictions, the spelling "no" should be used with a hyphen, eg non-Pole.

See also: Parts of Speech - Different and Invariant

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