K2 summit

K2 is eight thousand meters high, the highest peak in Karakoram and the second highest on Earth. The peak is also called Chogori, which means "Big Mountain" in the local language.

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1. Mount K2

K2 is located on the border between Pakistan and China. Administratively, it belongs to Pakistan, but China and India claim the territory. K2 is the second highest peak in the world after Mount Everest. The height of K2 is 86 611 m above sea level.

2. Discovery of K2

Mount K2 was discovered in 1856 by Thomas George Montgomeri, a British lieutenant colonel who was involved in surveying the Karakoram.

Due to the fact that K2 was the second peak measured by Montgomeri in the Karakoram Mountains, he assigned its name to K2.

K2 is also called Czogori, which means "Big Mountain" in the local language.

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3. K2. Geographic location

K2 is in the Karakoram Mountains. It is a compact mountain range with a length of 800 km. It rises on the western border of the Tibetan Plateau. It borders the Himalayas to the southeast and the Pamir and Hindu Kush to the west. In turn, to the north, the Karakoram is bordered by the Kunlun Mountains.

The Karakoram Mountains are the highest mountains on Earth after the Himalayas. There are over 100 peaks over 7,000 in their band. m a.s.l. and four above 8 thousand. m.a.s.l.

Karakoram peaks above 8 thousand. m high are: K2 (8,611 m above sea level), Gasherbrum I (8068 m above sea level), Broad Peak (8047 m above sea level), Gaszerbrum II (8035 m above sea level).

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4. The Karakoram Massif. Geological structure

Karakoram belongs to the alpine fold zone. These mountains rose in the Late Tertiary period. Their orogenic process is still ongoing.

The characteristic shape of this type of mountains are sharp peaks, narrow mountain ridges and steep cliffs. The mountains are crisscrossed by deep river valleys. The Karakoram Mountains are predominantly composed of granite rocks and gneisses.

5. Karakoram. Fridge

Karakoram is a strongly glaciated mountain range. The Karakoram Mountains are distinguished from other massifs by a large number of glaciers.

The total ice cover is 18 thousand. km2. The largest glaciers in Karakoram are Sjachen (71 km), Biafo (65 km) and Baltoro (62 km). These glaciers are the largest in the world after the polar glaciers and the Fadchenko glacier in the Pamir (77 km).

6. The Karakoram Massif. Climate

The mountains are dominated by a continental, dry climate, characteristic of the subtropics. The southern part of the massif lies in the zone of monsoons, which bring heavy rainfall in summer. The Karakoram climate is much more severe than that of the Himalayas. In the higher parts of the mountains, winter temperatures drop to -40 ° C.

Low temperatures in winter are greatly influenced by the icy winds from Central Asia and the fact that the Himalayas cut off the flow of warm air from Southeast Asia. Heavy snowfall, low temperatures and the topography have created exceptional conditions for the local glaciers.

Karakoram is the only place on Earth where glaciers do not melt due to global warming. Some of them even gain mass. This phenomenon was called the Karakoram Anomaly by glaciologists.

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7. Entrances to K2

K2 is considered by climbers to be the most difficult mountain to climb. The death rate on K2 is 27 percent. (as of 2018). The first K2 summit was reached in 1954 by the Italians Achille Campagnoni and Lino Lacedelli.

The first woman on K2 was Wanda Rutkiewicz. The Polish woman reached the summit in 1986. K2 was the last eight-thousander that was not climbed in winter. For comparison, the first winter ascent to the eight-thousanders took place on February 17, 1980. It was done by Poles - Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy, who conquered Mount Everest (8,848 m).

The first winter ascent of K2 took place on January 16, 2021 and it was done by the Nepalese. The conquerors' group consisted of the following people: Mingma Gyalje Sherpa, Nirmal Purja, Mingma David Sherpa, Gelje Sherpa, Sona Sherpa, Mingma Tenzi Sherpa, Pem Chhiri Sherpa, Dawa Temba Sherpa, Kili Pemba Sherpa and Dawa Tenjing Sherpa.

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