We teach good habits - hand washing
See the video: "What skills should a child who enters kindergarten have?"
The habit of washing hands after using the toilet, returning from the yard or before eating should be developed in the child as early as possible. Thanks to this, we will avoid many unpleasant ailments and diseases transmitted through dirty hands.
1. Why should a child wash their hands often?
The little ones get to know the world through their senses. At the beginning, it is a touch and a taste, which is why very often various items first go to the baby's hands and then to the mouth. However, they are not always clean, even if parents keep the house tidy. There is a risk that they contain various types of bacteria, fungi or parasites that, after entering the child's body, can cause diseases.
It is believed that the average person who rarely washes their hands may have, among others:
- Colon bacilli (Escherichia coli) - cause diarrhea and food poisoning. They are most often found in toilets in large clusters. They can get on their hands as a result of not washing their hands after using the toilet, and not lowering the toilet lid while draining the water;
- staphylococci and streptococci - can lead to sepsis if the body is weakened;
- pneumoniae bacilli (Klebsiella pneumoniae);
- invasive eggs of parasites - e.g. pinworms, human roundworm or tapeworm;
- hepatitis A virus.
Washing your hands frequently reduces the risk of these harmful germs being passed into your baby's mouth. It is especially important after using the toilet, before meals, after playing - both outside and at home. The sooner we start learning to wash our hands, the more likely it is to become a sort of daily ritual, similar to brushing our teeth.
2. How can I encourage my child to wash their hands?
The beginnings of learning can be difficult, because a toddler absorbed in playing and discovering the world often forgets about this activity. Everything is more interesting and requires immediate investigation. Washing hands is a waste of time for most children. They do not understand what dangers await them and what poor hygiene can lead to.
The easiest way to encourage your child to wash their hands is to turn this "boring" activity into play. To do this, you can come up with a story about a knight's fight against tricky bacteria, with soap and warm water as weapons. washing hands (for example, known to us from childhood, "Soap will wash everything").
Another method is to introduce a reward system. For each hand wash, the toddler gets a token or a colored sticker. At the end of the week, he or she receives, for example, a small mascot or other small gift. Children love this kind of play, and over time they will remember to wash their hands before each meal.
Another idea is to buy soap in a fun package. In many stores, we can find them in bottles resembling ducklings, penguins or heroes of favorite fairy tales. The toddler will be happy to use such a packaging. There are also foam soaps on the market, which also add variety to hand washing.
3. How to properly wash the hands?
This activity for a child usually takes a few seconds. It's definitely too short to get rid of bacteria, dead skin and dirt. Washing should take approximately 45 seconds. Always moisten the hands with warm water at the very beginning, then use soap.
The next step is to rub the palms together intensively, remembering about the spaces between the fingers and the tops of the hands. Let's not forget about the wrists and nails. In the evening it is good to use a nail brush to clean it properly. Finally, rinse your hands under a stream of running water for about 15 seconds.
Washing your hands is one of the basic methods of protection against many diseases, incl. against pinworm. It is worth developing this habit in the youngest children. This will make them healthier.