Every mother loves the time when the baby begins to follow us with her eyes. We smile when we observe our children and see the delight in their eyes of learning about the world. We should remember to control the child's eyesight throughout childhood, because it guarantees our and our child's happiness. Remember that a defect that is detected early and treated early is a chance for a normal life for our children.
Watch the movie: "24-hour kindergartens for children"
1. Development of eyesight in a child
- 0 - 1 month - limited ability to focus on the caregiver's face or a close object; seeing lights and shapes
- 1-3 months - longer periods of eyesight focus; dragging the eyes behind the object; learning to use both eyes simultaneously
- 3 - 5 months - visual inspection of the environment; reaching and grasping objects
- 5 - 8 months - improved eye-hand coordination; alternately focusing your eyes on different objects
- 8 - 15 months - looking for hidden objects; imitation of min
- 2 - 2.5 years - improved perception of distant objects; development of visual memory
2. Recommended screening tests of eyesight in children
- A general visual assessment of a newborn baby should be performed soon after delivery.
- Infants born prematurely with a visual impairment must be under the constant care of an ophthalmologist.
- At the age of 6 months, each child should be examined by a general practitioner or pediatrician, and if he finds any abnormalities, also by an ophthalmologist.
- The next required examination is about 5 years old.
3. Health problems related to eyesight
- Ambliopia - is nothing more than visual impairment, usually in one eye, caused by the limited or inconsistent images reaching the brain from each eye. The main causes of this condition are strabismus or differences in near and far visual acuity between the two eyes. Untreated, persistent ailment commonly referred to as "lazy eye" can lead to permanent one-sided blindness. Treatment consists of covering one eye, glasses, or a combination of both. If the cause of ambliopia is drooping eyelid or clouding of the lens, a surgical consultation and possibly surgery will be needed.
- Strabismus - this is an incorrect position of the eyeballs in relation to each other. The consequence of untreated strabismus may be ambliopy. Neonatal strabismus is physiological in nature. If it still does not go away after three months, you should have surgery or glasses.
- Fraction defects - These include myopia, farsightedness and astigmatism. Their basis is an abnormal shape of the eyeball and, as a result, blurred, blurred vision. These defects are usually treated with glasses.
4. Family eye diseases
Some ophthalmic problems require immediate diagnosis and treatment. If you have any of the following eye diseases in your family, be sure to inform your pediatrician:
- Retinoblastoma - a malignant tumor of the eyeball. Symptoms include loss of vision in the affected eye, strabismus, visible white discoloration, or other pupil abnormalities.
- Cataract (cataracta) - clouding of the lens of the eye. They are usually treated with surgery or glasses.
Congenital glaucoma - disturbances in the development of the eye's drainage system. Lack of proper outflow of the secretions of the eyeball leads to an increase in pressure within the eyeball and by applying pressure to the optic nerve, it may damage the eyesight.
5. Vision disorders
Poor fixation of eyesight on the subject
- Poor tracking of moving items
- Incorrect alignment or eye movement in an infant over 3 months of age
- Constant rubbing of the eyes
- Outstanding sensitivity to light
- Chronic conjunctival redness or discharge from the eyes
- Chronic tearing as a result of blocked tear ducts
- Whitish coloring of the pupil instead of black