Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
What is commonly referred to as oophoritis is in fact almost always inflammation of the fallopian tubes. What ailments accompany inflammation of the fallopian tubes? Most often, bilateral pains in the lower abdomen, which are asymmetrical and can radiate to the groin and even to the thigh or the lumbar region. Sometimes inflammation of the fallopian tubes is accompanied by a high fever. The causes of salpingitis are usually infections ascending from the vagina or from the uterus. Common causes of the disease are infections with gonorrhea and chlamydia. Inflammation of the ovary affects its outer sheath.
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1. Symptoms of salpingitis
Inflammation of the fallopian tubes and ovaries may be the result of childbirth, curettage of the uterine cavity, miscarriage or the presence of an intrauterine device. A typical symptom of salpingitis is stinging or continuous pain in the lower abdomen, around the appendages. Additional symptoms of the disease include: profuse vaginal discharge, bleeding, constipation, colic, nausea, vomiting, difficulty urinating, and increased body temperature.
2. Possible consequences and complications of salpingitis
The risk of salpingitis increases with bacterial infection in the genital area. What is the risk of getting tubal inflammation?
- Limiting the mobility of the funnel hyphae, which makes it difficult to catch the egg.
- Tubal walls sticking together, which impairs or prevents egg transport and increases the risk of tubal pregnancy.
- Peritonitis or an abscess of the ovary and fallopian tube that must be surgically removed along with the entire affected organ.
Chronic salpingitis can cause cysts to form. A late consequence of these pathological changes is often female infertility.
3. Treatment of salpingitis
Better to prevent than to cure. The prophylaxis is important: constant gynecological control and appropriate treatment of possible vaginitis. When should I see a gynecologist?
- If your vaginal discharge changes or increases in amount.
- In the event of unexplained pains in the lower abdomen, especially when accompanied by a fever.
Treatment of salpingitis is based on antibiotic therapy. If you do not have a high fever, you can treat the condition at home. You should then avoid exertion and cold. In the event of a fever, treatment should be carried out in hospital, as intravenous antibiotics will be necessary.In mild inflammation of the fallopian tubes, the treatment is supported by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, while in more severe cases it is necessary to use glucocorticoids.
The treatment usually lasts 7-10 days. During this time, you should take plenty of rest and keep warm. Meeting these conditions will help you avoid complications. In addition, after starting the treatment with antibiotics, it is worth using mud compresses. When the inflammation is alleviated, you can keep warm with a blanket or an electric pillow. However, when the inflammation is still acute, it is best to relieve the discomfort with cold compresses, such as an ice bottle.